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Algologia 2017, 27(4): 382–402
https://doi.org/10.15407/alg27.04.382
Physiology, Biochemistry, Biophysics

Fatty acid composition of cocoid green algae as a basis for energy and primary products potential. 1. Chlorella- and Acutodesmus-like microalgae (Chlorophyta)

Tsarenko P.M 1, Konischuk M.A.1, Korkhovoy V.I.2, Kostikov I.Yu.3, Blume Ya.B.2
Abstract

Bioproduction parameters of the strains of Chlorella- and Acutodesmus-like algae of the IBASU-A collection of the N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of the NAS of Ukraine were studied. The characteristic features of their growth and productivity, and the capacities of the Chlorella vulgaris Beij. and Acutodesmus dimorphus (Turpin) P. Tsarenko strains as objects of industrial cultivation were analyzed. The features of fatty acid (FA) composition of strains under standard conditions of laboratory cultivation are studied. The taxonomic (generic) specificity of the leading complex of FA has been revealed. The variability of the total lipid content in the representatives of the examined genera was found. The potential 1.5-fold increase in the amount of lipids or fractional amounts of certain fatty acids during the stationary growth phase of the culture under the influence of stress factors (nitrogen deficiency) is revealed.

Keywords: Chlorella, Acutodesmus, lipids, fatty acid composition, bioenergetics

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