ISSN (print) 0868-8540, (online) 2413-5984
  • 6 of 8
Algologia 2019, 29(2): 201–216
Fossil Algae

Zonal diatom scale of the continental neogene in Primorye (most southern territory of the Russian Far East)

Pushkar V.S.1, 2, Likhacheva O.Yu.1, Usoltseva M.V.3

A significant stratigraphic and micropaleontological problem exists in the development of high-resolution biostratigraphic scales necessary when collecting basic data to construct a modern theory of Biospheric Stratigraphy and in determining the chronozone as a main operation unit. The chronozone should reflect general geobiological events which led to various conditions using the Paleobiosphere, which is a unique instrument used to mimic conditions of the ancient earth. The development and substantiation of zonal continental scales, which also include information on geobiological events, lag behind modern stratigraphy requirements The author’s actual materials on the Far East Neogene diatom stratigraphic distribution allow us to decide this problem. The early Miocene is characterized by the intensive development of the Aulacoseira, Alveolophora, Ellerbeckia, Pseudoaulacosira, and Melosira genera. The global climate optimum has appeared between the early and middle Miocene. Many taxa of diatoms as well as the high species diversity of centric diatoms appeared and developed during the Middle–Late Miocene stage of diatom evolution. The Pliocene stage was marked by the appearance of the genera Stephanodiscus, Cyclotella, and Pliocaenicus. The greatest extinction of moderately warm-water species of centric births at the level of 3.6 million years corresponds to the growth and expansion of ice caps at both poles of the planet.

Keywords: diatoms, Neogene, paleoclimate, stratigraphy, tectonic, the Far East

Full text: PDF (Rus) 668K

  1. Dubrovina Y., Usoltseva M., Pushkar V., Likhacheva O. 2014. Tetracyclus chankaicus, a new species from Miocene sediments of the Khanka Lake, Primorye, Russia. Diatom Res. 29(2): 111–118.
  2. Gladenkov Yu.B. 1991. Recent problem of zonal stratigraphy. Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR. Geol. Ser. 10: 3–8.
  3. Iijuma A., Tada R. 1990. Evolution of Tertiary sedimentary basins of Japan in reference to opening of the Japan Sea. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. Ser. 2. 22(2): 121–171.
  4. Khursevich G. 2006. In: Advances in phycological studies. Sofia, Moscow: PENSOFT Publ. & Univ. Publ. House. Pp. 73–89.
  5. Krebs W.N., Bradbury J.P., Theriot E. 1987. Neogene and Quaternary Lacustrine Diatom Biochronology, Western USA. Palaios. 2: 505–513.
  6. Likhacheva O.Yu., Pushkar V.S., Cherepanova M.V., Pavlyutkin B.I. 2009. Zonal Diatom scale and general Neogene geobiological event of the Primorye. Bull. FEB RAS. 4: 64–72.
  7. Meyen S.V. 1987. Introduction into Theory of Stratigraphy. Moscow: Nauka Press. 216 p. [Rus.]
  8. Moisseeva A.I. 1995. Differentiation of the continental Neogene deposits of the Far East under the Diatoms. Stratigraphy. Geol. correlation. 3(5): 92–103.
  9. Pavlyutkin B.I., Chekryzhov I.Yu. 2007. The problem of the correlation far eastern Miocene floras of the climatic optimum epoch. Rep. Rus. Acad. Sci. 416(5): 662–665.
  10. Pavlyutkin B.I., Golozubov V.V. 2010. Paleobotanical evidence of the time of the Sea of Japan origin. Bull. KRAUNTs. Earth Sci. 2(16): 19–26.
  11. Pavlyutkin B.I., Petrenko T.I. 2010. Stratigraphy of Paleogene–Neogene deposits of the Primorye. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka Press. 164 p. [Rus.]
  12. Pavlyutkin B.I., Ganzei S.S., Pushkar V.S., Petrenko T.I. 1993. Stratigraphy. Geol. correlation. 1(6): 40–47.
  13. Pavlyutkin B.I., Pushkar V.S. Cherepanova M.V., Petrenko T.I. 2004. The problem of the Miocene stratigraphy of the Prikhankaisk depression (Russian Far East). Pacific Geol. 23(4): 73–85.
  14. Pushkar V.S. 2012. In: Modern Paleontology: Proc. XV All–Rus. Micropaleontol. Meet. (Gelendzhik, Sept. 12–16, 2012). Moscow. Pp. 362–365. [Rus.]
  15. Pushkar V.S., Korotky A.M. 1985. In: Cenozoic stratigraphy of the Far East. Vladivostok. Pp. 22–23. [Rus.]
  16. Pushkar V.S., Cherepanova M.V., Likhacheva O.Yu. 2014. Detalization of the Pliocene – Quaternary North Pacific Diatom Zonal Scale. Int. J. Algae. 16(3): 284–306.
  17. Resolution of the 4th Interdepartmental Stratigraphic Meeting on Precambrian and the Phanerozoic of the South of the Far East and Eastern Transbaikalia. 1994. Khabarovsk. 124 p. [Rus.]
  18. Tsoy I.B., Usoltseva M.V. 2016. Miocene freshwater diatoms from the deposits of the eastern slope of the underwater Ullin Plateau (Krishtofovich upland) of the Japan Sea. Stratigraphy. Geol. correlation. 24(3): 62–80.
  19. Usoltseva M., Likhacheva O., Pushkar V., Avramenko A. 2018. Alveolophora khursevichiae sp. nov. from the Miocene sediments of Lake Khanka (Far East). Nova Hedw. Beih. 147: 27–33.–suppl/2018/004
  20. Wang Pinxian, Zhao Quanhong, Jian Zhimin, Cheng Xinrong, Huang Wei, Tian Jun, Wang Jiliang, Li Qianyu, Li Baohua, Su Xin. 2003. Thirty million year deep–sea records in the South China. Sea Chinese Sci. Bull. 48(23): 2524–2535.
  21. Zhamoyda A.I. 2007. In: The questions of the Stratigraphy, Paleontology and Paleogeography. St. Petersburg: NIIZK SPbGU. Pp. 43–56. [Rus.]